The Royal Greenhouses at Laeken

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A distant view of Brussels
A distant view of Brussels from the Royal Palace

“We went to the Royal Greenhouses,” I tell my mother on the phone.

“In Belgium? I thought Belgium was a democracy,” she says.

“It is a democracy, mother. In the same way the United Kingdom is a democracy.” I stress the word kingdom.

“Well,” she says in great doubt. “I never knew that.”

Serres Royales

Royal tourists in line at the greenhouses
Royal tourists in line

The Royal Greenhouses are a big thing here in Belgium. However they’re only open to visitors for couple of weeks each spring. They occupy a large corner of the gardens of the Royal Palace at Laeken to the north of the old city and you get to them on the number 53 bus alighting at the stop called “Serres Royales”. (That translates as “Royal Greenhouses”. Makes sense.)

Now, the Belgians are generally pro-royal. I’ve been told that the Belgian royal family are the only truly Belgian national icon. That without them Belgium would quickly dissolve into its constituent parts, Flanders and Wallonia. Consequently visiting the Royal Greenhouses seems to be a way for Belgians to affirm a commitment to their head of state and national unity. It’s also not overstating the case to say that there is a considerable social pressure on foreigners living in Brussels to pay a visit too.

Mrs SC and I bowed to that pressure and took the opportunity of a sunny May Day to make our pilgrimage.


Royal tourists reflected in royal greenhouse glass
Royal tourists reflected in royal greenhouse glass

It was crowded with local tourists and foreign. I heard Italian and Spanish, English and Swedish (not just from us), Polish, Japanese and Chinese. Also Dutch, French and German. It felt like there were thousands of people, though I think that was partly an impression caused by a restricted route and a large number of narrow doors. We moved in line and very slowly. There was also a great deal of standing around and not moving.

Descending the stairs in the royal greenhouses
Descending the stairs

Perhaps because the greenhouses are only open for this very short window every year, the people responsible – and I’m going to blame the Belgian royals for this – haven’t wanted to waste their money on benches. I’m sure there were a few more, but I can only remember seeing (and actually sitting on) two.

Greenhouses: Royal wateringcans on sale in the royal shop
Royal wateringcans on sale in the royal shop

Also if there was any place of refreshment anywhere inside the gardens, it was well-concealed. There were a couple of vans parked in the road outside the Royal Palace doing a brisk trade in hot-dogs, waffles, ice cream and bottled water, but in the grounds nada. The Royal Shop sold watering-cans, but no water. There was however a Red Cross post, so I suppose people who collapsed would be attended to. Perhaps helped off the palace grounds to one of the vending vans.

Tired of the royal greenhouses

There were also very large numbers of children, and despite all the standing around they were amazingly well behaved and cheerful. Or if not cheerful then resigned, but not whiny. I was impressed.

So what was so special about the Royal Greenhouses?

Azaleas and geraniums

Well, it wasn’t the plants. The excuse for only opening for two weeks in the spring is “this is when the flowers are in bloom”. That doesn’t wash. As anyone will know who’s visited open-year-round greenhouses in botanical gardens, there’s usually something blooming most months of the year. There’s always something of interest to see, even if it hasn’t got flowers.

Royal greenhouses - What's in there
Q: What’s in there? (A: Geraniums)


I guess these greenhouses were originally set up as botanical greenhouses. In fact a little leaflet we bought suggested exactly this. At least one of the greenhouses was built specifically to hold plants brought from the Belgian Congo. It was unsuccessful and the plants died. Nowadays the collection seems to consist very largely of azaleas and geraniums. There are a number of palm trees, ferns and a few pitcher plants too.

Royal photographer
Royal photographer

Okay, I’m exaggerating, but really there were a hell of a lot of azaleas and geraniums. And they were pretty. Impressive, even, by virtue of being so many. But seriously, you can see something similar in any well-stocked garden centre. And do azaleas really need to be raised in greenhouses? There’s a whole little rocky azalea valley – absolutely not under glass – that is part of Slottskogen Park back home in Gothenburg. It’s a riot of colour when the azalea bushes bloom, and Gothenburg is several hundred kilometres closer to the Arctic Circle than Brussels.

Congo money

Royal greenhouses: Winter Garden
Royal Greenhouses: The Winter Garden

However the greenhouses themselves are quite something. They cover an area of 2.5 ha or 270,000 ft² (thank you Wikipedia) and are constructed with a decorative cast-iron girder frame and glass panels. They were built between 1874 and 1895 on the orders of King Leopold II. Leopold was the notorious King of the Belgians who commissioned expeditions to and then exploited the wealth of the Congo Basin, treating the inhabitants as his slaves. The Royal Greenhouses are presumably where some of his Congo money went.*

Royal Pagoda and blossom
Royal Pagoda and blossom

I’m going to make a wild guess here. Leopold was about twenty years old in 1851. That was when the great cast-iron and plate-glass Crystal Palace was opened for the Great Exhibition. My guess is that Leopold saw it, was impressed by it, thought “I wanna get me one of those” (or the Francophone equivalent). And when he had the money and the opportunity decided he would do better, would surpass it. If so, I think he achieved his goal.

Of course it’s not all greenhouses. There are orangeries too, and ornamental ponds and cherry trees and a pagoda, and distant, attractive views of Brussels across the river (which is actually the great Brussels–Charleroi Canal).

Peeking at the crowds

Royal Seville Oranges outside Royal Orangery
Royal Seville Oranges outside Royal Orangery

According to Wikipedia – which appears to be citing an article in the Daily Telegraph – the former King of the Belgians, Albert II, who abdicated in 2013, lives with his wife in a building in the grounds, while current King Philippe and his Queen live in the main Laeken Palace. I wonder what they do during these two weeks when the hoi polloi get to traipse around their greenhouses. Probably they take a vacation in a far off place. But I’d like to imagine that they are really still in the palace, peeking out at the crowds and longing for a time when the great gates to the palace grounds shut and they can once again walk in peace through their greenhouse empire.

*Before we condemn Leopold for his exploitation of the Congo, we should bear in mind that we’re doing pretty much exactly the same thing today. See here and here.

A version of this article appeared in Swedish in Bladet, the magazine for members of the Swedish Club in Brussels.

Palace not open for visitors
Palace not open for visitors

I originally published this article on the separate Stops and Stories website. I revised it for spelling and punctuation, carried out some SEO fine-tuning, and added a new featured image before transferring it here on 18 May 2017.

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